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La pittura italiana del XIX secolo – Dal Neoclassicismo al Simbolismo

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La pittura italiana del XIX secolo – Dal Neoclassicismo al Simbolismo


WORKS ON LOAN

I fidanzati (The engaged couple)

This painting was exhibited for the first time in Florence in 1869 with the title "The Betrothed". Two lovers strolling in the countryside at sunset, watched discreetly and at a certain distance by an older woman, while a child is picking flowers. The atmosphere is intimate and bourgeois, typical of the macchiaiolo realism, to which Lega grows close since 1861, when he begins to attend Piagentina, in the Florentine countryside, where he meets the Batelli family. Lega’s style of these years is infused with light and delicate colours, featuring a thin linearity and images absorbed in a serene spaciousness.
In the following years, partly because of an eye disease that will worsen, he will use more vibrant tones with a renewed naturalism.



La nidiata (The brood)

“La nidiata”, also known as “the sleeping Shepherdess”, was painted by Michetti in 1873. It is one of the seven paintings of the Collection Rossi now at the Museum. A little girl is sleeping in a meadow; beside her a dog keeps her company while on the other side she has a bassinet with a sleeping baby. The harshness of the Abruzzo countryside seems to subside in this sweet arcadia where the natural scenery, the children and the animals seem to merge into a common inspiration, combining the newborns in a unique essence.
The painting, in small format, exemplifies the style of Michetti in the early 1970s, characterized by the subtlety and the speed of the stroke, the virtuoso details alternating with apparently "unfinished" areas, the brilliance of the palette. The skilful balance between emotional approach and sophisticated manner certainly met the tastes of the Parisian market, which appreciated the artists of the maison Reutlinger and Goupil. Michetti worked for both, and in the same years is also confronted with Fortunysmo, the movement that, after the Universal Exhibition in Paris in 1867, exported in Italy a sophisticated and virtuosic style by painters such as Ernest Meissonier and Mariano Fortuny, met by Michetti in 1874.
Virtuosic style and small and quick brush strokes. “La nidiata” is very close to “La raccolta delle zucche” (The harvest of pumpkins), exhibited at the 1872 Salon, and to the masterpiece that established him definitively in 1877, “La processione del Corpus Domini “ (The Corpus Christi procession), presented at the National Exhibition of Naples.



THE EXHIBITION

The exhibition includes a selection of about 70 works from the Civic Museums of Pavia and major public and private collections Italian.
The great appreciation of Italian painting of the nineteenth century in its various thematic and stylistic manifestations determined the desire to show to the public works which testify the richness and variety of the artistic formulas, of genres, of iconography.
In the exhibition you can see works by Appiani, Hayez, Piccio, Faruffini Fattori, Lega, Signorini, De Nittis, Boldini, Zandomeneghi, Morbelli, Segantini, Previati, Pellizza Volpedo and many others.
Through the path in the painting of the early Neoclassicism, through the various facets of the historic Romanticism and Realism and the comparison between the different aspects of landscape expressed by regional schools - from Lombard school, to the Macchiaioli to southern painters - to Pointillism and Symbolism at the turn of the century, it is possible to identify the civil history, the society, culture, ideas and places of a nation that has gradually united while still maintaining strong regional features and contents.



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A detail of I fidanzati (The engaged couple)



La nidiata (The brood)

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